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Language Matters: Conciseness - Helping the Most Important Parts of Your Research Stand Out

Language Matters: Conciseness - Helping the Most Important Parts of Your Research Stand Out

Shakespeare wrote that brevity is the soul of wit. When writing a manuscript, the complexity of your research may not always make it easy to keep your text brief, but it is still important to express ideas clearly and succinctly, with a minimum of unnecessary words.

Much of our tendency to be overly wordy when we write simply arises from force of habit: writing in the same way that we might speak. However, in scientific writing it’s imperative that extra words not confuse or distract from the point you are making, or be a detriment to the overall readability of your paper. Furthermore, journal word limits for abstracts and sections of the paper make it even more crucial to express your research concisely.

Here are a few examples of common wordy expressions and more concise alternatives:


Wordy                                                                  Concise

In order to                                                           To

As a consequence                                             Consequently

For the reason that                                           Because

Due to the fact that                                          Because

In the first place                                                First

In the not too distant future                           Soon

Four in number                                                  Four

Green color                                                          Green

Subsequent to                                                    After

Prior to                                                                  Before

Except in a very few instances                       Usually

A considerable number of                               Many

Whether or not                                                   Whether

Past history                                                          History


Many of these examples are just a case of redundant wording. For example, ‘four in number’, ‘green color’, past history’; everyone knows that four is a number and that green is a color, and history is by definition in the past, so there is no need to include the extra words to help define the terms. In cases like these where this is no possible alternative definition that could cause ambiguity, the extra words only serve to overcomplicate your writing.

Similarly, sometimes we find expressions in papers that usually can be deleted altogether without affecting the meaning at all. Here are a few examples:

♦ On the other hand

♦ Needless to say

♦ It goes without saying that


Finally, although we may sometimes use advanced vocabulary to express very sophisticated ideas, it’s important to remember that simply using long words for their own sake usually adds nothing to the readability of your paper and can be an unnecessary distraction. Given the choice between a simple word and one your non-native English speaker readers might even need to look up, it’s always best to choose the simpler word.


Long                                                                      Simple

Utilize                                                                    Use

Employ                                                                  Use

Facilitate                                                               Enable

Elucidate                                                              Show

Methodology                                                       Method

Optimum                                                              Best

Endeavor                                                               Try


Writing concisely and with simple language doesn’t detract from the sophistication of your work, it actually shows that you have a thorough enough understanding of your work that you can explain it clearly to a broad audience.

Language quality is among the top reasons for being rejected by a journal. To ensure the language in your manuscript is publication-ready you should have a native-English-speaking expert in your field edit for grammar, clarity, and accuracy of scientific expression.

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