A clinical protocol is the framework of a trial, outlining how the trial will be conducted and providing all the necessary guidelines for the study team.


Publish or perish.

It’s a saying that pops up again and again in science. Your publication record is the measure that everyone – from colleagues to funding agencies – uses to judge your quality as a researcher. Aside from helping to get you your dream research grant or university position, making sure that you get the process of publishing your work off to a good start as early as possible will help you to:


Careers in clinical research can be financially rewarding and offer solid stability in the job market. An found the average salary for clinical research associates (CRAs) in the US was $95,000, though some earn over $125,000.

Many are switching to R from conventional statistical packages such as SPSS, SAS, and Stata, because of its flexibility and data visualization capabilities, not to mention the unbeatable price ($0).
We take a look at how R can add to your research capacities and make your life a bit more efficient.

As more journals start to take advantage of the benefits of the online format, this has follow on effects for authors and their submissions. Online publication allows manuscripts to be more visual and interactive and editors are using those features to help attract more readers. One of the increasingly common features editors are adopting in this style is the graphical abstract.



Which of the following refer/s to past research appropriately?

  1. Author Z et al (2010) wrote: “X offers an effective technique for performing Y”.
  2. Author Z et al (2010) wrote that X offered an effective technique for performing Y.
  3. Author Z and colleagues claim that X was effective as a procedure for Y (2010).
  4. According to Author Z (2010), X is effective as a procedure for Y.